According to the American Dental Association, endodontics is the branch of dentistry concerning dental pulp and tissues surrounding the roots of a tooth. You may not realize that a tooth is made up of layers. The outermost layer is called enamel. It is hard and serves well to protect the tooth. Underneath the enamel is the dentin layer, which is yellow. The innermost layer of the tooth is the pulp. This is where the nerves and blood vessels are located. When tooth decay has penetrated the tooth and threatens this layer, endodontic treatment will be needed to save the tooth. At SAMPLE DENTISTRY, we provide root canal treatments to restore health to affected teeth in CITY NAME.
What is a root canal?
A root canal treatment saves a tooth by cleaning out the decayed or infected tissues within a tooth. A biocompatible material is placed to restore the structure of the tooth, and it is usually covered with a dental crown.
When is endodontic treatment needed?
Some warning signs that you may need endodontic treatment include sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, swelling around the teeth or gums, and tooth pain. A tooth may have been damaged due to an oral injury or become affected with tooth decay (dental cavity). When the decay is not treated with a filling promptly, it can advance deeper into the tooth, threatening the pulp. An abscess may then form, and the tooth could be lost. To prevent this from happening, a root canal will be performed.
How is a root canal performed?
The tooth and surrounding areas will be sedated for this procedure. Your dentist at SAMPLE DENTISTRY will also isolate the tooth using a dental dam to keep it clean and dry for the duration of the procedure. A small hole will be made into the top (crown) of the tooth, and your dentist will go into the tooth to remove the affected areas. The canal will then be cleaned and reshaped. A material called gutta-percha will be used to fill in the tooth to restore its structure. In most cases, teeth that have been treated with a root canal in CITY NAME will have a dental crown placed.